(Willpowered) THE SHOCKING VALUE OF DEVELOPING MINDFULNESS
Solve this puzzle as quickly as you can:
A man purchases a baseball bat and a ball for $1.10. The bat costs $1.00 more than the ball.
How much does the ball cost?
Was your answer 10 cents? If so, you answered like 80% of college-educated individuals,and you also answered wrong.
Check again. If the ball costs $0.10, then the bat would cost $1.10, bringing the total to $1.20.
The correct answer is actually 5 cents. If the ball costs $0.05, then the bat would cost $1.05, bringing the total to $1.10. 
WHY DO PEOPLE GET THIS PROBLEM WRONG?
Do not feel bad if you answered this problem incorrectly the first time around. Even Ivy League graduates only answer correctly on this problem 50% of the time!
So why do so many intelligent people get this problem wrong?
The answer lies in the part of our brain that is doing the problem solving. When you were thinking about the problem the first time around, you were using a completely different part of your brain than when you thought about it the second time.
Because you were asked to solve the problem quickly, you subconsciously delegated the task to your brain’s limbic system; or as I call it the “primitive brain“. The primitive brain is responsible for all of our automatic decision-making. It responds to traffic signs, reminds us to brush our teeth, and tells us to check our email when we get into the office. 
It takes care of these easy tasks so that we do not use up as much mental energythinking about each trivial decision. This allows us to conserve our mental resources for more important thinking like planning, communicating and using our creativity.
However, as you can see, the primitive brain is not very smart. It picks up bits of information (a total of $1.10 with $1.00 for the bat) and comes to the easiest answer (the ball must be $0.10!) without questioning other factors.
Why does he want me to answer quickly?
If the answer is this easy, why is he even asking me?
Maybe I should add my prices for the ball and the bat to see what I get before deciding on my final answer.
These questions call upon our modern brain. This part of our brain is responsible for a higher level of thinking. It is what we use for abstract thinking, creativity and exerting our willpower.
OUR DAILY DECISIONS
We like to believe that our daily decisions are made from a process of well-informed decision-making. We believe that we are investigating every angle of the problem and choosing our best option.
Unfortunately this is completely false. About 45% of the decisions that we make come from our primitive brain. We naturally want to conserve our mental energy, so we default to making the easiest decision whenever possible. 
This works well when the task is simple, like remembering to brush your teeth, but problems occur when we start to use our automatic decision-making in pursuit of our higher goals.
As you can see from the problem at the beginning of this article, our primitive brain’s decision-making is flawed. If we default to using the logic of our primitive brain to make decisions about what food to eat, when to exercise, or how to prioritize our to-do list, we will be thinking with the same logic as “the ball equals 10 cents”.
We will make poor decisions without realizing it. We will not double-check to make sure we are on the right path, or question the consequences of our choices. This is a natural flaw in our genetic makeup, but one that can be easily corrected with a simple idea – becoming more mindful.
BENEFITS OF MINDFULNESS
· More happiness
· More success in relationships
· More success in school
· More success in work
· Less stress
· Better physical health
· A better ability to adapt to change
· A better ability to deal with setbacks
The list goes on. The reason that people who are more mindful see this kind of success is because they use their modern brain for more of their daily decisions. They use the logic that the ball actually costs 5 cents when they decide what they will eat, what they will spend their money on, and what tasks require their attention.
Rather than being on autopilot, they have developed the natural ability to see problems through the lens of the modern brain, leading them to make better decisions.
This trait is powerful. Think about the fact that if you simply approach the bat and ball problem in a mindful way, you will have answered the question with more logic and reasoning than 50% of the people at Harvard! 
Powerful indeed. And, unlike Harvard, you won’t need to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars to develop this trait